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FILE NO.^ 

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SECTION NO. 
SERIALS 




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This case originated at NUT YORE. H .. Y. 



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NT File No. 100-25776 els 


iceport naae at 

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Title 


LkNGSTOI! HUGHES 


Date made 


10/ •*/■*•* 


period 
9/9,11,21,22, 

25.26/44 




... . . -v^'T 


Synopsis of facts: 

s\ " 


Character 

JPESIW, SECURITY - C 

- FW - 


Autobiography o^Woject set forth, i^st became 
active ’Jorkcrs Movement 1930. . Ilenber ■TNTEPIT a TIONAL 
UNION EEy0LU r .’I0Ni*T.Y 1 ?.IEEiS 1933. On National Com- 


O in s 
- w o ; 

5 < as \ 
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LEAGUE AGAINST * AH L FASCISM 
;dxto.r 


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gsli 

H 2 1 1 

iiSuS 

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ait tee 

1934._ > /contributin" Edxto.rNjXabor Defender" 1937. 

i fur- Technical Aid to Spain 
CRESS at 
in Soviet. 

Puree Trials 1933, Mera&er \521ICAN PEACE IPrlUSATION 
C 01 SUTTEE 1940. Member LEAGUE AlERICi-N ‘.’EITEES, 1941. 

On Editorial Counqi^SETTlE.lICi.TIOIIS, INC., 1941.' 

Listed as lecturerJSklllOOL FOE DEMOCRACY, 1942. Signed ^ 
S^ond Front Call 19 h^. On Editorial board, magazine 
'■rfCoroon Ground", 1942. Speaker meeting held by - , 

sgOUNCIL FOR PAN AMERICAN DEMOCRACY, 1943* Subject's ^ 
dr^nia^TFbr this Ye Fight ", presented at-rtfcRO 
FREEDOM RALEY, I Jadi son Square Garden, 1943. On ' 

Commit te dv WA TION/ ,L COUNCIL 0? AIERICAN SOVIET FRIENDSHIP, 
1943<- Jfepoffior of\JE^ICL'.N YOUTH FOR EEIOCRACY, 1944. 
llenbeNjIational Conbdttce for People’s Rights . Subject 
believetK to be residing 634 St. Nicholas Avenue, New York . 




Approved & forwarded 





Do not write in these spaces 


W*r. 

C op i e s o f thls - r X p c y-^ 

bureau (enclosure) OP V 
2 - Chicago 'p'*' 4 

2 - Baltimore <^\\ '^f: 

2 - Los Angeles ^ ’ (jJ 

2 - Washington 



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NT 100-25776 

DETAILS: The subject of this case is carried as a key figure 

in the New York Field Division. 

"Tlj^Big Sea", published by A. A. KNOPF, in 1940, is 
an autobiography of I^NGSTON HUGHES, and is summarized as follows: 

HUGHES was born February 1, 1902 at Joplin, Missouri. 

His early youth was spent in Lawrence, Kansas. In 1916, he moved to Cleveland 
with his mother, where he. remained until he had completed his high school 
education at Central High. In 1920, he visited his father, Tho was living 
in Mexico, and stayed with him for approximately a year. In September of 1921, 
he enrolled at Columbia University in New York, where he completed a one year f s 
course. During this same year, he found time to attend the Rand School in 
New York under the guidance of LlTD ,'IG LETISOHN and HEYWOOD. BROUN. 

At the end of the school year, he went to sea, and from 
that time' until 1926, he drifted about in various countries of Europe, includ- 
ing Italy, France, and Spain. He had begun to write poetry prior to his going 
to sea. As a result of his talent in this field, he was given a scholarship 
to attend Lincoln University in Pennsylvania. He began his studies at this 
school in 1926, and completed his course there in three years. 



A review of the files of the New York Field Division was 
made, and the follovang information was reflected:- 


Confidential Informant T— 1 advised that subject first became 
active in the .ork ers Movement and interested in social conditions in 1930; 
that he had visited Russia in 1933; and that he was a correspondent in Madrid, 
Spain, during the Spanish Civil 'nr. s' 

Confidential Informant T— 2 advised that one SONyJE^SROLL, ; 
with the alias JUI^CROLL, a white person, married LANGSTON HUGHES sometime • 
in 1932, and they had a child. < 


In the Daily ’Worker, edition dated September!., 1933, on 
page 5, the subject is stated to have written an article entitleoSWfcscow 
and Ue n , in which he describes his trip to Moscow fbr the purpose or filming 
a pictureNjElack and 'white”. He stated that he admired the Soviet system for 
its non rac^. prejudice, and he stated that all places were open to h im as he 
possessed credentials of the INTEPJ JATIONAL UNION OF REVOLUTIONARY TITTERS. 






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NT 100-25776 

In the Call- to the Second United States Congress Against 
r^ar and Fascism on September 28, 1934 at Chicago, Illinois, it was reflected 
that LANGSTON HUGHES was on the NATIONAL COIE-CETTEE OF THE AMERICAN IEAGUE 
'AGAINST TIAR AND FASCISM. 

The February, 1937 issue of the "Labor Defender" rejected 
that IANGSTON HUGHES was a Contributing Editor of this magazine,- -vdiichls 
published ty the INTERNATIONAL I^BOP. DEFENSE, 8 East 11th Street, New York Crty. 

In the Daily T.orker, published Iferch 29, 1937, on page 4, 
he wrote that the participation of Negroes in the Spanish bar on the side^ 
of the Loyalist Government shows that the Negroes are growing in international 
consciousness. This article also reflected that he is a member of the AMERICAN 
COliUTTES FOR TECHNICAL AID TO SPAIN. 

An article in. the Daily ’.orker, dated September 7, 1937, 
reflected that LANGSTON HUCHES, "tic Negro poet", made a broadcast from Madrid, 
and that several weeks before he had attended the INTERNaTIONaL >iRITERS 
CONGRESS at Madrid, Spain. 

According to tie Daily ’jorkcr of January 22, 1938, on 
page 2 the subject was interviewed on his return from Spein after spending six 
months there. It is reported that HUGHES told of the heroic work of the 
zaany Negroes from the United States in Spain's fight against General Franco, 
and that ho was convinced of a Loyalist victory. 

An article in the Daily ’Jorkcr, dated April 23, 1938, re- 
flected that LANGSTON HUGHES was one of 150 prominent Amori can artists, writers, 
and composers, who issued a statement in support of the verdicts of the recent 
Moscow Trials of the Trotskyite— Bukharinite Traitors. 

Thoyl938 International ’.orkers Order Convention proceedings 
reflect that EIIAJJUElN^VIN, National Education ’Jork Director, distributed 
ten thousand copies oi^the collected poems of LANGSTON HUGHES. 



In the Daily Tiorkcr, dated August 14, 1939, ^ was re— 
fleeted that LANGSTON HUGHES was ope of 400 leading figures in education 
a manifesto denying the fantastic falnehood that the U.S i>,R. and the Tot® i • 

States are basically alike. ~ ' 





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NY 100-25776 

The Daily worker issue of September 3, 1940 reflected a 
list of officers elected by the EitEhGEHCY PEACE JD11XI2ATI0N COJSimEE 
Convention held September 2, 1940, in which L/JJGSTON HUGHES is carried as a 
member. 

In the ”New Leader”, dated November 11, 1940, an article 

appeared which read as follows : 

+ 

«Two new fronts have been added by the Com- 1 
rades to the lon Q and tiring lrst of networks 
swung by the Comintern through the professions. 

Cne is the Lawyers Committee to Keep the United 
States Out ol \ar. The other is the Negro 
PlayT.Tirhts, sponsored by Stalin stooges, 




PaUCT.OEESON, ICICHAKfwRJGHT, IWrtSRG*H, BEN 
?JaVIS r LrdTGSTOJ HUGHES, and all the lads.” 


In an article published in the Daily borker, dated April 
5, 1941, it was reflected that LaNGSTON HUGHES was one of more, than one 
hundred leading American it iters who signed the Cali of the Fourth Congress 
of the- I2AGUE OF AMERICAN LRHEIJS to be held Juno 6-a, 1941. 


Confidential Informant A, whose identity is knov:n to the 
Bureau, advised the plenary session, of the COIMJMIST PARTY, U.S.A., T; as 
held in New York City from June 28, 1941 to June 29, 1941, and that among the 
persons attending was JUNE CROLL (formerly SONYA CRQLL), wife of LANGSTON 
HUGHES, Negro poet. 

Confidential Informant T-2 advised in October, 1941, that 
LANGSTON HUGHES is on the Editorial Council of the SOVIET RUSSIA TODAY PUB- 
LICATIONS, INC. , 114 East ,32nd Street, Now York City. 



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NY 100-25776 


Confidential Informant T-3, in a report dated January 7, 

1942, advised that Li.NGSTON HUGHES was one oi' those listed as being instructors 
and a guest lecturer at the SCHOOL FOP. DEMOCRACY, 13 As tor Place, New York 
City. 

An article appearing in the Daily Worker dated September 
22, 1942, page 7, column 3, reflected that HUGHES was one of 500 American 
writers who signed a Second -Front Call in a let tar .to the President. 

Confidential Informan^|^-.7h^re lufimity is known to the 
Bureau, advised that as of November 27, 1942, LaSGSTQH HUGHES was on the 
Editorial Board of the ”Co.cmcn Ground**, a ua^.aaine published by the C0-1DH 
COUNCIL FOR ;.I!LRICAN UNITY, 222 Fourth ..venue, New fork City. 

In an article in the Daily Yorker dated December 23, 1942, 
page 7, column 7, it was reflected that LANGSTON KUC-1US headed a list of writers 
who will lecture at the SCHOOL FOP. ETEDCRaCY during the winter term beginning 
January 4 , 1943, and that he will speak on the life and culture oi the Negro 

r ~ ple - . ^/7 JTa) 

^VQpnf idential National Defesne Infcrraan-^^^^^Breported 
that LaNGSTON HUGHS was a speaker at a meeting held at th^u5rt5 Deck Theater 
on February 14, 1943, "-flight of tlie /jaericas'*, to further cultural ties be- 
tween Latxn America and the United States. This meeting was put on by the 
COUNCIL FOR PaN AIERIC^J DIHOCRACY. 

Confidential Informant T-8 reported that DOROTHY K^Ni^JNN «f 
the NEGRO LnBOR COISflTTEE advised 1-HIDINi.flki SifZTII that LANGSTON HUGHES -was one a- ; ; 
of the individuals present at a meeting heloNfebruary 24,. 1943. The same in- 
formant further advised that on Hay 19, 1943, Hiss DOPOTHrVFUNN and FERDINAND 
SlUTH had a conference in which SiETH told JSLss FUNN that the publicity setup in 
the Daily worker should be used in the promotion of LANGSTON HUGHES' play.^Jt^^ j. 

In the Daily '<orker, dated ISay 19, 1943, page 7, column 2, 
the following information was related- . 

LANGSTON HUGHES* drama, **?or this we fight", 

will be presented at Madison Square Garden 

June 7th in connection with a Negro Freedom 

Rally. Concluding a lecture tour, *&ich took •. 



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NY 100-25776 ' ^ 1 

him to several nidwestern universities and 
Axiicy caL-pa during tlie winter, including 
.a government radio broadcast from Toronto, 
the poet mil speak iky 26th at the Toe 
Paine Forum in Philadelphia. 

In an article aoj.-oaring in the Daily * orker, dated .Ifey 24, 
1943 page 1, column 5, it was reflected that LaNGSTON S&fHLS was one of c20 
prominent Americans who addressed an open letter to the resident urging an 
inmedia te severance of diplomatic relations yi'di Finland, ana a declaration of 

Va.T. 


\ X Confidential Informant T-9 reported a conference between 

BE^SDAVIS and GnNsnEEIL which took place on ?!sy 2C, 1943. EEN D^./IS comp "ine 
of the lack of cooperation of the Daily honker in publicizing a meeting 
/probably the Negro Freedom Nrlly in which LANGSTON HUGHES presents his drama 
it For this rc H Jit"). GREEN ranted to know if the Daily .-orker was jetting 
enough material; and DAVIS replied that they were getting more than 
• rp 'f.r. N is r exported to have- said that there snould b. some rcO. - ** 

the cultural aspe cts on ROLE? ON, on vhat the LANGSTON IIUPIDIS toing is, and, 
of course, tile main thing is the political importune, of th, meeting. 

In an article- occurring in the Daily ’ orker dated September 
16 1943, it was reflected that a meeting of writers was held under the ^auspices 

of the NATION, ,L COUNCIL OF AMERICAN 307IET ^ 

nction-i-de- collection of books , to restore th- libraries of the Soviet Union. 

LisNGSTON HUGHES is noted as bein^ on the committee. 

Confidential Informant A, whose identity is known to the 
Bureau, advised that LaNGSTON HUGHES sponsored and attended a Citizens Emergency 
Conference for Internationa Unity at Kunter College Park Avenue and J9 
street. New York City, on September 25, 1943, and that one of to- p«^ 
cussions was devoted to the problem of discrimination xn the led Forces. 

An article appearing m the Daily ’ .orker dated October 1, 

1Q ,, _ a . g column 6 ' reflected that the T.O has called a Cultural Conference 

1943, ?a c e o, column o., reix.eue vuth Street. Hew York, 


speech on folk art and the war. 



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m 100-25776 

^N^oniidcntic.1 Informant A, whose identity is known to the 
Bureau, advised that Os October 10, 1943, LANGSTON HUGHES node the keynote 
speech of the Cultural Conference held by the Kuv York District of -tlic ID. 

An advertisement appearing in the Hew York Times dated 
December 22, 1943, reflected that LaNGSTON HUGIES was a signer of a declaration 
put forth by the Reichstag Eire Trial Anniversary Commit t-c ; -hich was an 
advertisement commemorating "The- fire that has' been burning for ten years”, 
liary other roll kno./n Coanvnists arc joint signers. 

An arti.ef. appearing in ti^e D$i2y * orkcr issue dated January 
30, 1944, page 3, column 4, reflected that EiJjb^RCF.IDKu, IAIJGSTCN HUGHES, and 
o tilers rill speak and pay tribute to the memory o^ART YOUNG, Editor of NET . 
iiaSSES, on January 27, 1944 at Manhattan Center. 

An article appearing in "The People's Vo; cu", dated February 
l n , 1944, reflected that Lt.MfSTON HUGHES participated in a radio debate on t-hc 
race question on America's Town looting of the Air. Hi- article further rc- 
fr.ee- ted that HUGHES advocated an over-all Federal program protecting the rights 
of minorities and that ho stated that Democracy Goes :-.ct lose by sharing its 
privileges, but that it loses by denying them. 

Confidential Informant T-4 advised that LANGSTON HUGHES 
was one of the National Sponsors of the AHERICaN YOUTH FOR DEMOCRACY as of 
February 16, 1944. 

An article- appearing in the "People's Voice", dated 
March 18, 1944 reflected that LANGSTON HUGHES made a spring cross-country tour 
following his recent appearance on the Town Meeting of the Air, and that he read 
his poems to the men of Fort Reiley as a guest of the 18th and Iiadison USO 
Clubs, Junction City, Kansas. His campus programs included the University of 
best Virginia, the University of Kansas, ~ilcy College, San Houston College, 
and Prairie View State College in Texas. 

Confidential Informant T-3 advised in a reoort dated 
June 7, 1944 that LANGSTON HUGHES was affiliated vith the FRIENDS OF THE 
SOVIET UNION, and in this report he is listed as a COMMUNIST PiJtTY member. 


Hi an article appearing in the Drily l.brkor dated July 8, . 

1944, page 8, column 3, it was reflected that LANGSTON HUGHES was one of the seven -" 
po-ts who met in a discussion group at the Jefferson School! of Social Science, 

575 Sixth avenue. 














•mi 


NI 100-25776 






Confidential Informant T-7 nado the records of his office 
available -..hich reflected that LANGSTON HUGHES still receives uail at 634 St 
Nicholas ~ve-nue, New Tork. 


th- nanes o 


s of t!i- xlen York Field Division were checked for 
ith negative results. - 


as telephonic ally contacted, and he advised 


that LiNGSTOlI HUGHES had Liven up hi 




1st Street 


B3* 


rcxinatcl 


is 01 ui 


to the Bureau, i: 
L WGSTOU HUGHES, 


opinion anax, HUGHES is living at 634 St. Nicholas 
hd he will advise tile rritcr if this is truj..^ 1 t 

> Nconfidontiai InEorr.arriJBj|H|p , ..tiose identity is known 
iuu, i:as contacted for cry inforuatior^oncerning the activities of 
JOKES, and h- uade the folior.ing reports 


LaNGSTON HUGHES lias spoken for years to various COIilUKIST 
RiJiTY gatherings. He is used nore as a front, generally contacted through 
the M, end usually through I02TS0N, and ' ILLI/1I PhTTERSON, both f or- 

der National Comit tee . neaber s of the'flK) and COUHUNIS? R.PTY. They arc husband 
and vife, nov living in Chicago. He is generally near LOUISE THOHPSOii. "has 
sent to Spain by Party during Civil har \ criod. He believed HUGHES to be in 
Chicago, and that he nas a writer on .the Chicago Defender. . Ho described HUGHES 
as b-ing forty- two years of age, 5'8“ tall, noclnm build, brown eyes, having 








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NY 100-25776 ' ^ ’ 

him to several midwestcrn universities and 
'kray caaps during the ranter, including 
.a government radio broadcast from Toronto, 
the poet nill speak Lfcy 26th at the Ton 
Paine Forum in Philadelphia. 

In an article ' appearing in the Daily 'orker, dated liay 24, 
1943, page 1, column 5, it was reflected that LaNGDTON T IUHIkS was one of 220 
prominent Americans who addressed an open letter to the president urging an 
immediate sevcrence of diplomatic relations vi'ch Finland, and a declaration of 
war. 

\ X Confidential Informant T-9 reported a conference between 

BE^SbAVIS and mrSqrrp.Ti which took place on tfay 2C, 1943. DEN Di.VIS complained 
of the lack of cooperation c\: the Daily ’.'orker in publicizing a meeting 
^probably the Negro Iroedor. krlly in which LANGSTON HUGHES presents his drama 
''For this vc light"). GEt-EN ranted to know if the Daily ’.orker was getting 
enough material" and 3*715 replied that they were getting more than they could 
- 15.-1 GPEEN is reported to have said that there should be some real materiel on 
the cultural aspects on RCLEfOR, on -/hat the LANGSTON HUGHES tiling is, and, 
of course, the main thing is the political importance of the meeting. 

In an article- occurring in the Daily ’ orker dated September 
16 1943, it was reflected that a meeting of writers was held under the ^auspices 

of* the NATIONAL COUNCIL 07 AMLP.IC..M SOVIET FliHNDSilIP for the purpose of a 
nction.ide- collection of books . to restore th- libraries of the Soviet Union. 
LaNGSTOI! HUGHES is noted is being on the committee. 

Confidential Informant k, whose identity is known to the 
Bureau, advised that LaNGSTON HUGHES sponsored and attended a Citizens Emergency 
Conference for International Unity at Hunter College, Park avenue and 69th 
Street, New York City, on September 25, 1943, and that one of the panel dis- 
cussions was devoted to the- problem of discrimination in the armed lorcos. 

An article appearing m the Daily Ebrlxr dated October 1, 

1943 page 8, column 6., reflected that the T.O has called a Cultural Conference 
ior Sunday, October 10, 1943, at IJalin Studios, 135 ’.cat 134th Street, Jew York, 
to deal with the problems of the drama, music, dance, ana instrumental group 
working in the field of folk art, and that LANGSTON HUC2ES vail make -Lie mam 
speech on folk art and the war. 



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NY 100-25776 



^N^onfiduntial Informant A, vhoso identity is knoim to the 
ised that be October 10, 1943, LANGSTON HUGHES made the keynote 


speech o i 


covised that be October 10, 1943, LANGSTON HUGHES node the keynote 
the Cultural Conference held by the Kew York District of .the r 4), 


An advertisement appearing in the Wev York Tines dated 
December 22, 1943, reflected that LaNGSTOH HUCJES tras a signer of a declaration 
put forth by the Reichstag Eire Trial Anniversary Comitt. e ; - hich vas an 
advertisement commemorating “The fire that has" been burning for tan years’ 1 , 
liaay o tiler veil kno .r. Coszn lists vere joint signers. 

An arti.'f. appearing in ti^o Dai j y * orkcr issue dated January 
30, 1944, page 3, column 4, reflected that EiJdSEia. 331, IAUGCTCN HUGHES, and 
others v ill speak and pay tribute to the memory o^AET YOUNG. Editor of NET . 
l-kSSES, on January 27, 1944 at It mat tan Center. 

hn article appearing in “The People’s Voice”, dated February 
1°, 1944, reflected that LaNGSTON HUGHES participated in a radio debate on t-hc 
race question on America's Tovn Heating of the Air. The article further re- 
flected that HUGHES advocated an over— all Federal program protecting the rights 
of minorities and that ho stated that Democracy does not lose by sharing its 
privileges, but that it loses by denying them. 

Confidential Informant T-4 advised that LANGSTON HUGHES 
vas one- of the National Sponsors of the .JERICi.N YOUTH FOR DLilOCRACY as of 
February IS, 1944. 

An article appearing in the “People ’s Voice”, dated 
LJarch 18, 1944 reflected that LANGSTON HU GHES made a spring cross-country tour 
following his recent appearance on the Tcvn Heating of the .air, and that he read 
his poems to the men of Fort Rciloy as a guest of the 18th and liadison tJ50 
Clubs, Junction City, Kansas, His campus programs included the University of 
’..cst Virginia, the University of Kansas, ~iley College, Sam Houston College, 
and Prairie View State College in Texas, 

Confidential Informant T-3 advised in a report dated * 

June 7, 1944 that LANGSTON HUGHES vas affiliated vith the FRIENDS OF THE 
SOVIET UNION, and in this report he is listed as a COEHUNIST PARTY member. 

In an article appearing in the Drily forkor dated July 8, 

1944, page 8, column 3, it vas reflected that LANGSTON HUGHES was one of the seven’ 
poets xdao met in a discussion group at the Jefferson School of Social Science, 

575 Six tlx avenue. 



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an undated pcnphlct -entitled "National Committee for 
people »s Rights", 100 Fifth avenue, Her: York City, listed L4NGST0K HUGIES 
as being a member. 


Confidential Informant T-5 advised that his records reflected 
that the subject still resided at 634 St. Nicholas 4venue, Not; York. It re- 
flected further that HUGHES was a newspaper reporter for the AFRO AJERICaN at 
Baltimore in 1938 and 1939 and that ho was in Los .^ngcles, California, during 
tlie period 1939 to 1940, rdferv, he ras the author cf an RXC film ,r .ay Deem South”, 
and ’./here he vas a dramatis ■ L at the Federal Theater, Los idiocies. It further 
reflected that in January, 0941, ho had a temporary address at the Good 
Shepherd Community Center, f!20 South parkv/ay, Chicago, Illinois. 


u check of the mail box at 634 St. Nicholas. ..venue reflected 
that the name of HARTER and HUGHES appeared on the nail bo:: of apartment 1-D.' 


at 634 St. Nicholes avenue 


l of the apartment house located 
., New York, ras contacted under a suitable pretext. 

Kw advised that the subjects aunt, TO^Si' HPEI^rcs^I : s in apartment 1-D, and 
that L/JIGSTON HUGHES receives his nail thS^c^^Hfl^lso related tha^gggS 
has a studio someu^m^^^h^AOO or 500 block on ^est 141st Stroct^^MMpid- 
y vised that his son^pj^HHH^^iad formerly * orki^^w^ttie sub jec^ii^aoTng 
odd jobs in th-_ stuai^aii^rurming errands for hin^^U^tated that he rould 
secure the address of this studio for the rritcr. H^also stated that TOY 
HOPPER and her husband, ElEPiJOKHhrjER, rare presently in Dcrrvcr^Co^rado, 
and that they vere traveling abottt, the country with an orchestra JJ^^jalso 
advised that he had been formerly connected with Company L of the Nev: York City 
-t he h ad resigned because he was unable to s^ur^h^l^in the 
E fr- ^lso advised that he was thcfl^^^HHHof 
?uilcing Service Union, AFL. 

NejMfori^it^^^ 

Nicholas Avenuey advised that^^^^^HHjPkad 
for a number of years, and ^^^^^consiaercd 
made the lease of apartaen^l^ available, 
na mes of EHERSON and TOY H, .RPGp|||JBBPbdvised that 

incc th^building ras con- 




3f the buildi 
worked for him as 
him entirely reliab! 
which reflected only 
they were excellent tenants' 
structod fifteen years ago. 



Confidential Informant T-6 made the records of his office 
available which did not reflect a LJTGST0N HUGHES residing in the 400 cr 500 
block on -Aist 141st Street, New York. 


\2_ 



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NT 100-25776 




Confidential Informant T-7 made the rccoido of his office 
available rhich reflected that LANGSTON HUGHES still receives nail at 634 Ct 
Nicholas .avenue, New York. 


th- nanes o 


s of til- xJjtt fori: Field Division -.rare chocked for 
;ith negative results. ’ - . 


K*>99 


is ox ui- opinion anna HUGHES is living at 634 St. Nicholas 
nd he vill advise the writer if this is trm.. /f J A i 

> ^Donfidential InformanrtJ^^^MJf.hose identity is known 
to the Bureau, was contacted for any inforuatTor^oncerning the activities of 
LmNGSTOH HUGHES, and h- made the following report; 

LaNGSTON HUGHES iias spoken for years to various C0I1IUNIST 
PiJm gatherings. He is used nore ds a front, generally contacted througli 
the and usually throu^i LGUIDEvb IOIIPSOIJ, and ' ILLIili PaTTERSON, both for- 

mer National Committee , members of the^lfe and CO’flUHIST P..PTa. They are husband 
and *.;ife, nov living in Chicago. He is generally near LOUISE THOMPSON. Eas 
sent to Spain by Party during Civil Ear i criod. He- believed HUGHES to be in 
Chicago, and that he was a writer on .the Chicago Defender.. He described HUGHES 
as being forty-two years of age, 5»8“ tall, medium build, brown eyes, having -p 









i. more recent picture of L/.;iGS?0]J' HUGH9S appearing in the 
Daily '.orkcr dated October 1, 1943, page 8, column 6, vras obtained, and a 
copy of this picture "is being submitted as an enclosure ritfc this report. 





Photograph of subject 


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P 2 N D I N G 

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HI 100-25776 


c:nc,.oo field division 



TIIICTxLOFGD IEiDS 


i,T CUIC-GO, ILLINOIS? 

'.'ill review the fil-s of the Office end report any infor- 
mation concerning the activities of the subject not set xorth in instant report, 

'.‘ill contact Confide utial Informants of the . Office for any 
information concerning th activities of the subject. It *is knorni tn«-t HUGHES 
has been a writer on the <f.icr.~o Defender and that he is a close frie ne of 
LOUISE TUOlIPSOil and ' niJ iS^TTERSOK. 

B- uLTLOIlE FIELD DIVISION • 

at salt 3 ran. ilhlne? 

’.ill revie-: the files of the- office and report any infor- 
mation concerning the activities of tin. subject, tac vas a news reporter for 
tiie AFRO it IRICi.il, 1938-9. 

* LOS idiGELES FIELD DIVISION 

i.T LOS ,J T GEIES, CallFOE:?!..? 

*3.11 report th_ activities of the subject for the period 
I939-4O. Subject was connected -,-ith the Federal Theater and las the author 
of an RICO film entitled %£y Dorm South". 

' JLSHINGTUN FIELD DIVISION 

AT ' JxSHIDGTON. D. C.; 

*.;ill chcok with the State Department to determine if the 
subject obtained a passport. to leave the country as stated sometime in 1932 
or 1933 to go to Russia and whether he obtained a passport sometime in 1937 
when he is alleged to h-.vo spent the latter six months in Spain. 


\5 


t \ 








AT NET: YORK. IE": YORK: 


'iall obtain handnriting sp^inens of the subject at Local 
Board 56, 138th Street and "Broadway. / 

'.ill rocontac^^HHmmm^mi 

' the purpose c^aevc lo piti^ him as a confidential informant. 

'.ill continue to check and report fur+\xr Communist ac- 
tivities of the subject. 



355 



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3* 


VtaaemVowl 

This case originated at 


FEDERAL BUREA 

■ i 

YORK 



JtSPOfCT AAAQKAf • 

DATE WHEN MADS 

NEN YORK 

NOV 2 6 1945 


TIGATION 

IT nuE NO. 100-25776 GEM 


I $ 


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rrf*.': ■»/ ; . 


■>T> V ; :V jp 


JAKES LANGSTON HUGHES, with alias, 
Langston Hughes Y“ 



SYNOPSIS OF FACTS: 


-, /c C-QS/A 


AOIN ZTr 

REO. F.ZC ’ D 0-^7^., 4- 

' rsiECS 


REP'LFCIv^ ^y V 


Subject is e sponsor of the Spanish Refugee Appeal 
of the Joint loti* Fascist Refugee Coonittee; Con- 
tributing Editor to 8P0T LIGHT, former AID publication 
affiliated with National Negro Congress, Negro Labor 
Victory Committee, Peoples Voice, and IHO; on lecture 
tour of high schools in Hew York metropolitan area 
for the Common Council of American Unity; resides 
with Aunt, TOY^HARPEl^ at 63U St. Nicholas Are., ^ 


V — ; — 7 wxxn aunx, ivv'mAKnH. 
J Apartment 1-D, NYC.Cu) 

^•ip.en^y Vxtg. - CL L B. 

REQ. RLC ' f~jsrs 
•T Air- .^ 


vj' 


REFERENCE! 


REP' T 

B Y 


Agent 


AGEBfr r/cf - ( t 

REQ. REC’nSSIXX r T - "’?: 
-:£? • I, FO^, fc - L - U 



:~y 


DAI 


iSIFICTT! 


DETAILS t. 

t *■- 1 


Report 

New York, 1/8A5. L u 1 

/XT' 

Character of this case~is being changed from 

INTERNAL SECURITY - C to SECURITY MATTS - C.\U ) 

Confidential informant T-l advised that the subject 

a letter to one EUGENE/ftONECKY, Communist and Editor of FRATERNAL 

OUTLOOK, addressed to this individual *s office at 60 5th Avenue. Hew York Cd.tr/ 
on December 11, l?UiAVA) ' - 

- - In the January 6, 19l»5, iesue of the MEN TORE ACS, ^ _ 

editorial was written reflecting that the subject was being sent on a good-lldJ 
tw of high schools in the New York metropolitan area on behalf of thc^U^ |j 


s.) 


APP R OV ED AND 
FORWARDED: 


i Bureau 


OFTM»tfrOET 

00^ 


© 

1- Col. S.V. CONSTANT, D of I, 2 SC 
tD - New York 

2jq ^ _ r 





SJ ^ J 


Z 


«£ Hit 




\ h ^ li ft 

‘ INDEXED 








HI 100-25776 


Cannon Council for American Unity at 222 Fourth Avenue, New fork City, in 
an effort to vidsa group understanding. (\) ) 


It is to be noted that during October, November, and December of 
19UU, the subject allegedly spent one day in each of twenty fire schools 
firing speeches and reading poetry to the earious classes. 


This article further stated that in sort schools his visit climaxed 
or was Integrated with rarlous projects of stucfy’ — poetry, discussions of 
race relations and the extension of democracy, local problems such as 
housing, the history of the Reconstruction, at cetera. It is also noted 
that his tour began in mid-October , with a week spent in P hiladelphia , 
Pennsylvania, at the express invitation of this Board of Education, which 
allegedly was attempting to institute a new program of bettering inter- 
cultural and interracial understanding. It is to be noted further that 
several New Jersey schools were Included in the tour subsequent to that by 
the subject, at which he gave speeches 


As article co n c lud es stating that it was the hope of the Coamon 
Council to send the subject to many schools during the year of 1?U5, and 
that daring the latter part of January, it was exoected that he would go 
on a lecture tour through the Middle Vest and the South, (j} 'j 

An article appearing in the •Daily Worker* issue of January 29, 
19U5, page 11 , oolumn 2 , reflected that the subject was one of the judges 
for the $150 cultural award which was sponsored by the TAncn in Steffens 
lodge 500 of the XHD, as a part of the celebration of Negro History Veek, 
February 11 through the 18th, 1?U5» Aie prise was to be presented to 
a young Negro whose work was considered to be an outstanding contribution 
to American culture, and the presentation was to be made at the lodge's 
annual dance on February 3, 1$U5, at Manhattan Center, Sew Xork City, f\A ) 

A the Pittsburgh Courier dated May 1, I 9 U 3 , an article was 
written entitled ■UNIVERSITf OF PITTSBURGH GROUP HEARS LANGSTON HUffiES.* 

Ala article stated that the subject spoke before a class of the School 
of Applied Social Science In the Group Vork studio on Wednesday at the 
Cathedral of learning at the University of Pittsburgh, where he gave a " 
sociological explanation of hie various works to remove the stigma of the 
color touch. During this speech, he road several of his poems and following 
the speech, the subject was the honored guest at a dinner of the LoeadL 
Club, R, MAURICE r VOSS , executive secretary of the Urban league sponsoring 
the poet's appearance in Pittsburgh, CM ) 




- 2 - 


IT 100-25776 



The May 20, 19l*fc, issue of the Pittsburg Courier carried aa 
artlele which was captioned ■LANGSTON HUGHES CLOSES MUSIC WEEK PROGRAM 
AT '!».• Under this caption. It was .reflected that IAN OS TON HUGHES, a 
poet and author, doted * eucoeesful music week program at the Centre 
Avenue 7MCA, Thursday May 11. The theme of this program was "Waste for 
Fellowship.* It was noted further that the February 10, 191*5, issue of 
the Pittsburgh Courier carried a photograph of the subject, indicating that 
be was the most popular living negro poet, novelist, playwright, columnist, 
and contributor to leading national magazines. It further stated that he 
had won the HARMON AWARD for literature in 1931. Ha) 

The •Daily Woikex- issue of March 6, 191*5, page 11, colon 2, 
carried an article captioned *ASCH RECORDS POETBT OF LANGSTON HUGHES.* 

This article reflected that an album of the poems written by IANGSTON 
HUGHES was being released by ASCH RECORDINGS. It is noted that these 
recordings were to include several varieties of blues, lyrical verse, 
work ballads, epic poems and rhymes. Among these recorded poems are* 
•Harlem Sweeties,* •little lyric Wake,* "We rry— go— Round, • *Tlu rinr Han,* 
•Good Miming Stalingrad,* "Worry Blue a,* *In Tima of Silver Rain,* a 
nuaLer of additional previously published poems. (_\a) 

It is to be noted that at a dinner given by the Spanish Refugee 
Appeal of the Joint Anti-Fasciet Refugee Committee that the subject was 
listed on the dinner invitation for the date of lfarch 22, 191*5, as one of 
the sponsors of that particular occasion. It is to be noted also that tha 
subject was listed as Contributing Editor to ■SPOTLIGHT*, the former 
American Youth for Democracy publication which was discontinued around 
May 191*5. It la to be noted from the literature distributed that the, \ 
subj ect was a guest lectorer at the Georgs *b hM ngt ^^-^r rer School. (y\ ) 

Confidential Informant T— 2 advised that the subject was rtcd 
as a contact for JESSICA^SMITH, Editor of *Soviet Russia today* and was 
listed as being affiliated with the National Negro Congress. Negro T^bo r 
Victory Committee, end the Peopl e t, ^ 

Confidential inf orman whose identity is known to the 
ltareaa, advised that a meeting of the Negro Freedom Rally was held at 
Madieon Square Garden, Sew Tork City, June 25, 191*5, and that a pageant 
was presented entitled *Carxy on America, Victory £s fbat Tou Make It.* 

It is to be noted that the subject, along with MDEMAIUCCBHIR and HOTAHL-— 
■wast. Cormiunista, wrote the aforementioned pageant 


11 


- 3 - 


I 







r»r>i 



* 


IT 100-25776 


Confidential informant T-3 tdvised on October 30, 19 hS, that the 
e Object traveled throughout the country a great deal, bat that be was 
presently in the City of Heir York at that tine and was residing with hie 
Aunt TOT HARPER at 63U St. Nicholas Avenue, Apartment 1-D, Hew Toxic City.^M^ 

In view of the fact that the subject 's Cooeunist activities do 
not seen to be of sufficient importance to warrant farther investigation, 
this Batter is being closed upon the authority of the Special Agent in 
Charge. (\* ) 




-CLOSED- 





* Warm. No. 1 

% ' < This CASE ORIOINA-TO AT JQgj 

V >- A ' j : 1 

nrarr mask *t 

HEW IOBI 


• FEDERAL BUREAU QlfflNVESTlGATION T j. J - 1 

< AT * DAT bbv TOHX 1 * ST 11 *" 0 - 100-25776 AEY 

■ I I I _ ' ‘ 


5/13/49 


L 


aqescy. ICC 


cHHucm *r * cw 

SECURITY MATTES - C 

FT’.*' jrcif 


Subject now residing at 2D' sssirul 27ttx^atr««t t FTC. 
Articles in the "Daily Yorker* and other publications 
Reflect subject still active as a negro poet, 
playwright and lecturer* Informant advises subject, 
was su gg ested as a candidate in 1936 and 1938 on 
the Communist Party election ticket and turned 
down by the Sational Committee of the Communist Party 
because he was considered more valuable to the CP 
as a writer and lecturer. Informant advices that- 
a 1945 Sew Tear's greeting from MIKHAIL^PLETOS, 
Poreign Commission of Soviet Yriters.^toscow to the 
Sational Council of American Soviet Friendship, 
was relayed on to the subjection /I i 


/W)- 


LU ; 









J 


ST 100-25776 


address and. that though he was available for lectures, he planned to remain 
in Sew York indefinitely to work on a play which he was writing.^ ^ 

The records of Local Board number 56, 138th Street an'd .Broadway, 

Sev. York City, reflected that the subject, a negro, was born on February 1, 

1902 at Joplin, Missouri, and is a citisen of the United States.^ j 

The Kay 15, 194(j issue of the "Daily Worker" carried an article 
entitled "Jugoslav Medical Aid Campaign Opens Today." The article reflected 
that a three-day tag drive for Jugoslav relief would be opened with a noon- 
day rally on the steps of the sub-treasury building. Among the names of 
persons listed as endorsing the campaign was "JAMES LAEGSTO* EUGEES, negro poet 
and author." 


\ The Bovember 9, 1946 issue of the "Daily Worker" carried an articie 

j entitled "2000 notables Attend USSR Celebration." Under this caption it 
; was reflected that a reception was held at the Soviet Stabassy, Washington, 

• D.C. in celebration of the 29th anniversary of the October Revolution. 

• Listed among the guests was "LAEGSTOJi EUGEES, negro poet." ) 

The January 28, 1947 issue of the "Daily Worker" carried an article 
entitled "An Impressive Musical Drama of Tenement Life." Under this caption, 
it was stated that LANGSTON HUGHES, whose picture was also carried, wrote 
the lyrics to "Street Scene" a play written by ELIHOI^ICE. (JJ ) 

The February 11, 1947 issue of the "Daily Worker" carried an article 
entitled "Fir^t 'Mainstream* Off thejPress." Under this caption, it was 
stated th^b^Mainstream" a literary quarterly which "invites the participation 
of both Marxists and non-Marxists progressive writers," was going on sale. 

Among the list of contributors was "LAHGSTON HUGHES, the great negro poet." Cj ) 

The April 7, 1947 issue of the " D aily Worker" carried an article 
entitled "Langston Hughes Has a Hew Book.* Under this ception, it was stated 
that LARGS TOE HUGHES Wttald have annew book of poems, "Fields of Wonder" 
published by ALFRED j^v£E0FH.(U) 


IT 100-25776 



*' V*. •'*'►** >7 



entitled '’Writing Out Loud Session Features Langston Hughes." Under this caption, 
it was stated that the subject's poem, "Chicago, South Side ■ would be presented. 
It was further stated that this affair was produced by the Literature Chanter 
of the Culturel Division of the lational Begro Congress, J 


The April 12, 1946 issue of the "Post” and "Home lews” carried 
an article entitled "fiescind Invitation to Begro Poet." Under this caption, 
it was stated that a scheduled appearance of the subject at Vallejo, California, 
on April IS, 1948, had been cancelled by the Vallejo Council for Civic Unity 
on the grounds of "unpleasant notoriety connected with the rumor that he is 
a Comrani«t.« ( y'J 




On December 2, 1948, Confidential Inf orman t^HHHadvised that 
he recalled that in 1936 and again in 1938 LA37GSTOB H*jffi^ras suggested 
as a candidate on the Party Election ticket. The same informant said that 
on both occasions the lational Committee of the Communist Party discussed 
the suggestions of the State Committee and both times vetoed the idea, 
claiming that EUGHES was more valuable to the Party interests in his capacity 
as a writer and lecturer. The informant added that he had no doubt as to 
the subject's membership in the Communist Party. ^ 

The September 13, 1947, Issue of the "Pittsburgh Courier" carried 
an article entitled "Prominent Barnes on House List." The article stated a 

that the House Committee on Un-American Activities had released a list of 
prominent negro leaders saying that they were "Communists" or "Communist 

the clTU Elght ' Cra * rMe - Th * “•* 

th. w ,4 Confidential Informant T-l advised that at the 4th Session of 

Plenum of - the Communist Party, United States of America 
seventy^ Communist Party officials from all over the United States ' 

„ L4EOSTOK HfffflES. who and to™*. to. 3rd 

. . . „ A ■ ® eB0 dated Jtrne 7, 1947, concerning Communist Party activities 

that h the e Iubi^tX! ft wMch wa8 furni " il ® d V an unknown outside^ource^ idvised 

Iwe S f 4 f ev * 11 - known * highbrow intellectual EedTwho 

ere backing DOl^VEST, a Communist preacher in Georgia." 

Heeve Informant T-2 furnished a booklet entitled "Ilia 

Heeve alo-r - 85th Anniversary" which was distributed June 20, 1947, at a^jl) ^ 


- 3 - 


/ 


I 


HI 100-25776 

banquet held in honor of mother BLOOE which contained the name of LAU6ST0H 
EUGE ES as one of its sponsors. H]^ 

Confidential Inf orman^H^Bp’urni shed a letterhead, dated 
March 26, 1947, of the American Society for Cultural Delations with Italy. 

On the reverse side of this stationery, under the heading of "Friends of 
Italian Democracy" was a list of names which included the name of the subject. 
The same informant on September 4, 1947. furnished a booklet entitled "Manual 
on Peace Iducation" issued by the Junior Section, International Workers Order, 

80 5th Avenue, Hew Tork City. which carried a poem entitled "The Black 
Soldier" which was written by the subject.^) 

The July - September, 1948 issue of the "Trends and Tides" Milford, 

Hew Jersey, carried an article entitled "Are Ton a Communist" written by 

the subject in which he explains that racial equality has succeeded in Communist 

Soviet. 

Confidential Informant T-3 advised that a group of persons had 
received invitations to attend the Congress of Intellectuals For Peace to 
be held in Warsaw, Poland, August 25 to 28, 1948. Among the list of uersons 
who were to receive invitations was the name of the subject. j 

Confidential Informant T-4 advised that she attended a meeting of 
the national Council of Arts, Science and Professions held at Bidgely Hall, 
Baltimore, Maryland, May 2, 1946. She furnished a' leaflet which set forth 
the officers of the organisation. This leaflet included the name of the subject 
as a member- at-large ^ 

Confidential Informant^MMPadvised that the national Council 
of American-Soviet Friendship receiveaa communication expressing best 
wishes for the Hew Teak from MIKHAIL APLETOH, Foreign Commission of Soviet 
Writers, Moscow, dated December 31, 1945. This * am ® informant advised that 
this message was relayed on to the subject 

The January 28, 1946, issue of the "Daily Worker* carried an • 
article on page eight column four entitled "Writers Pledge Strike Support." 
Under this caption, it wcs stated that fifty outstanding writers, in a statement 
released by the Literature Division of the Independent Citisens Committee of 
the Arts, Science and Professions, had signed a pledge in support of strikes 
Wy organised labor. Included in the list was the name of the subject.^ I 


Confidential Informant! 


7 % 


- 4 - 


i 




activities 


veil as records of lev York Police Department were 
Segativ^e suits for information concerning subject* s current 


is 


A description of subject obtained from Selective Service records 
as follows: 


Sex 

V 

Male 

B&ce 


Hegro 

Height 


5‘8« 

Eyes 


Brown- 

Eair 


Black 

Build 


Medium 

Birth 


Pebruary 1 , 1902 

Birthplace 


Joplin, Missouri 



CLOSED 



* 5 \ 











UrnO^AI rOlM > 40 . 10 
iOlO-IO*— 01 


UNITED STATES .iv. vIENT 

Memorandum 

TO DIRECTOR, FBI (100-3-104) 
r>i ~PROM : SAC,' CHICAGO (100-32864) 


suBjECT.rCOMMUNI ST PARTY, USA 

_COmrrERINTELLIOENCE PROGRAM 
IS - c 


date: May 12, 1$4& 


lA’i -Lk 


Ai.'. :.sr-4'y'. r-. j;;. 


Remylels dated 3/14/60 and 4/14/60 which dealt in 
part with a situation which the Chicago Office beli-eved 
suitable for exploitation in the Afyp^Amerxcan-He^tage 
Association (A -AHA) in Chicago. ; U ’ \ 


Disruption of Communist Activities 
in Mass Organizations 


Y->'5 

/ 


m 


organx 


rogram xn 


p xo 
York 
itie 


V 


ed about certain 
ne occasion, the Board 
reports given by him 
mass meetings and ,* 
Chicago. One such v* 
the appearance of 
-AHA sponsorship, 
pted to explain 
tory Week meeting at 
speaker. " j 

■■ » 

. 34 m 1 G 1S6J* 


















V 

t 

< 

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I 

i-* 




the Chicago Office is recommending the preparation of an 
anonymous mailing regarding this situation which would be 
directed to the Illinois office of ’’The Worker" . It is 
noted that the Illinois CP shares the same office space with 
the paper. 


In addition, copies of this letter would be 
furnished at the same time to leading members of A-AHA with, 
the explanation that this matter was brought to the attention 
of ’’The Worker” in the belief that that paper would do something 
about it. Recipients of the copies of the letter would include 
a few CP members and some non-merabers of the Party. To lend 
to the authenticity of the mailing, one or two peopl e cou 
be chosen who are not openly opposed t 



w 


Accordingly, there is set forth below the text of 
the proposed anonymous mailing by this -office to "The Worker" 
and the text of the accompanying note to be sent to A-AHA 
members: 


"Worker" . 

36 W. Randolph 
Chicago, 111. 


i 

f 


| 

-A. 

t 

h 

i 


fj •- 


"Dear Sirs: 

We are sending this because your paper has a 
good record fighting for working people and equal rights 
and exposed bad conditions which exist. And you gave good 
reports on our group, the Afro-American Heritage Association. 


Many people on the South Side have paid good 
money to the fine aims of this organization but don’t have 








CG 100-32S64 

any luck finding out what -is done with-, ft. Cash raised 
by rallies is ni reported on. Members can't tell what is 
ping on. - v 



t has been more than once that people have asked 
:o back up expenses, checks, etc., which he does 
net explain. Like the meeting for Mr. DuBois and the 
meeting when Mr. Hughes spoke for Negro History Week. 


We want our money to go for the good cause dicb 
AAHA stands for. The great heritage and aiture of Negro 
people has got to be advertised and brought to the attention 
of all people, "iouh paper has helped along with Defender 
and others. 


But this man does not satisfy when questions are 
asked. Does some money go into his personal account? Tis 
has get to be checked. 

Maybe your paper can help dig up facts to straighten 
this out. Thanks for any help you give. 

Committee to save AAHA" 

The text of the note is set forth as follows: 

"Dear Friend: 

This was sent to The Worker because that paper 
helps people in trouble. Maybe this mess can be straightened 
out and AAHA put on the right track. The Board says nobody 
shaid get fat on the aspirations of the Negro people and 
that is right. Ask your friends in AAHA to help for the 
best interest of the whole group. 


Committee to save AAHA" 

There are set forth below the identities of some 
of the individuals to whom this office intends to direct 
mailings of the copies of the letter to '"The Worker". 
However, Bureau authority is requested to add one or two 
names to this list in the event that further information is 
developed indicating .that there may be a few additional 
logical recipients: , . 


5 >: 


urrenx 
Party i 
has opp 
n the p 




nested t 


o place 

eiepftone call to "The Worker" office posing as a person 
who has received a copy of this letter and ask whether the paper 
intendg^c^^unel^^^^ve^^M^H^^Since this informant has 

his voicewould be recognized byai^^idividuai answering the 
phone at the office of "The I.'orker" 

If Bureau authority is granted, the usual necessary 
precautions will be taken in the preparation of this material, 
including the use of commercially purchased paper and envelopes* 
Further, the Bureau will be promptly advised of any tangible 
results arising from this activity, if authority is granted.